Unique Care Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy Treatments

General Information About Physiotehrapy. 

Physiotherapy is a branch of healthcare science, that mainly concentrates on the physical aspects of an individual's healthcare, by treating their physical ailments. It works towards this by maintenance and rehabilitation of the individual's physical activity, which is nothing but bringing back the lost activity to near normal perfection.Physiotherapy uses physical agents for the treatment of patients. The following list are the common physical agents used in physiotherapy.

Modalities Used

  • SWD - Shortwave Diathermy

Short Wave diathermy current is a high frequency alternating current. The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient. Its frequency is 27,120,000 cycles per second and the wavelength is 11 metre. 

Where useful?

1.    Inflammation of shoulder joint

2.    Inflammation of Elbow Joint (Tennis Elbow)

3.    Degeneration of joints of neck (Cervical Spondylosis)

4.    Degeneration of joints like knee and hip (Osteoarthritis)

5.    Ligament Sprains in knee joint

6.    Low Back Ache

7.    Plantar fascitis (Heel Pain)

8.    Sinusitis

Where it should not be used?

9.    High Fever

10.  Fluctuating Blood Pressure

11.  Very sensitive Skin

12.  Persons with Untreated Fits

13.  Persons using Cardiac Pace Maker

14.  Severe kidney and heart problems

15.  Pregnant Women

16.  Mentally Retarded Individuals

17.  Tuberculosis of Bone

18.  Malignant cancer

If the treatment area has:

19.  Open wounds

20.  Skin disease

21.  Unhealed scars

22.  Recent burns


23.  Relaxation of the muscles

24.  Effective in bacterial infections

25.  Relief of pain

Treatment Time
Initial Stage - 5-10 minutes
Moderate Stage - 10-20 minutes
Severe State - 20-30 minutes


26.  Burns

27.  Scalds (Boils)

1.    Overdose

2.    Shock

3.    Electric Sparking

4.    Faintness

  • MWD-Micowave Diatherapy

It's an electromagnetic wave used for treatment purposes with wavelength between infra-red rays and short wave diathermic waves. 

The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient.

Treatment Settings

Micro-wave diathermy waves used for treatment is of Wave length - 12.25 cm
Frequency - 2,450 cycles/sec

  • IFT- Interferential Therapy 

Indicated for Individuals with

1.    Pain

2.    Muscles spasm (pain and tightness)

3.    Swelling

4.    Muscles strain


Where it should not be used

The Treatment area has:

5.    Localised wounds

6.    Unhealed scar

7.    Recent cuts

8.    Skin infections


Where useful?

9.    Pain

10.  Bacterial infection

11.  Septic fingers

12.  Boils

13.  Abscess

Where it should not be used?

14.  Cancer

15.  Tuberculosis of Bone

16.  Recent exposure to X-rays

17.  Defective blood circulation (In cases like Diabetes)

Pain is relieved

18.  Healing of infections is faster

19.  Aids in relaxation


20.  Burns

21.  Injuries to eyes

  • US-Therapeutic ultrasound
  • It's an electromagnetic wave different from sound waves. The frequencies of waves employed for medical purposes are between 5,00,000 and 3,000,000 cycles/sec.

    Where useful?

    1.    Inflammation of Elbow Joint (Tennis elbow)

    2.    Plantar fascitis(Heel pain)

    3.    Shortening of Muscle or Ligament

    4.    Inflammation of tendons(For eg Supraspinatus tendnitis)

    5.    Ligament sprain(For eg Lateral Ligament sprain of ankle)

    6.    Unhealed scars

    Where should it not be used?

    7.    Avoidance to specialised structures such as eyes, ears,ovaries or testes.

    8.    Growing ends of bones

    9.    Uterus of pregnant women

    10.  Areas with poor blood supply (In case of Diabetes)


    11.  Relief of pain

    12.  Healing of Soft tissues (Ligament)

    13.  Healing of unhealed scars


    14.  Burns

    15.  Cavitation (Damage to bones)

    16.  Overdose

    • TENS- Transcutanius Electrical Nerve stimulation

    Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) may help stop pain by blocking nerve signals from reaching your brain. A physical therapist places electrodes on your skin near the area of your pain. TENS may relieve pain in your leg due to inflammation or compression of nerves in your back.

    • MS- Muscle stimulation

    Modified Galvanic Current

    In this treatment method the duration of current flow is long and continuous.

    Time duration - 10 - 200 milliseconds
    Frequency - 50 - 100 pulses/sec.
    Used in cases of severe nerve damage

    Surged Faradic Current

    Shorter duration and intermittent flow of current

    Time duration - .01-1 millisecond

    Frequency - 50 cycles per/sec. Used in cases of partial nerve damage or nerve compression 

    Where useful?

    1.    All Nerve injuries(like Radial nerve Injury of the arm or hand)

    2.    Muscle weakness(To activate the muscle)

    3.    Facial nerve Injury

    Where should it not be used?
    Individuals who have

  • 1.    Recent cuts

    2.    Open wounds

    3.    Unhealed scars

    4.    Recent fracture

    5.    Metal plate fixation in their Body

    6.    Skin infections

    7.    Recent surgery

    • Mechanical Traction

    Traction helps relieve pain and intra-discal pressure thereby increasing mobility of lower back region. Traction is usually advisable in following conditions:

    1. Spinal nerve root impingement:

     Herniated disc

     Ligament encroachment

     Narrowing of the inter vertebral foramen

     Osteophyte encroachment

     Spinal nerve root swelling

    2. Joint hypo mobility

    3. Spondylolisthesis 

    4. Degenerative joint disease

    5. Extrinsic muscle spasm and muscle guarding

    6. Discogenic pain

    7. Joint pain

    8. Compression fracture

    9. Lumbar disc disorders of primary origin

    10. Lumbar disc disorders of secondary origin

    11. Sciatica


                               ICT- Intermittent Cervical

                           IPT-Intermittent Pelvic Traction

                           SCT-Static cervical Traction

                           SPT-Static Pelvic Traction

                           Skin Traction

    • Cryotherapy
    • Moist Heat - Wax Therapy


    Manual Therapy

    • Soft tissue mobilisation
    • Joint Mobilisation
    • Massage
    • Triger point release
    • Stretching 
    • Manual Traction

    Taping Techniques

    Exercise Therapy

    • Passive Movements Maintenance and  improvement Exercises
    • Passive to Active Assisted range improvement Exercises
    • Active Assisted to Active range improvement Exercises
    • Active range to Active Resisted improvement Exercises
    • Work task achievement Exercises
    • Functional Activity Maintenance Exercises.
    • Breathing Exercises
    • Cardiac Exercises

    Aerobic Exercises

    • Fitness Exercises
    • Prenatal Exercises
    • Postnatal Exercises
    • Preoperative Exercises
    • Post operative Exercises
    • Milestone Developmental Exercises


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    Dr.Nakkiran.PT. B.P.T., M.Sc., M.I.A.P., C.P.C (US) India, P.G.D.I.P.L

    For appointmnets - 9884584525

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